From Farm to Fork: Unleashing AgTech’s Potential Throughout the Value Chain

Technology use in Agriculture has leapfrogged since the last quarter of the 20th century. Over the past 50 years, technological advancements have expanded across the crop value chain – from seeds, on- and off-farm operations – especially in terms of scale, speed, and productivity of farm equipment, enabling improved and efficient cultivation of more land. Today, Technology in Agriculture, termed “Agtech”, is being used to make agriculture more efficient than it has ever been. Key areas where agtech is making a significant impact include –

  1. Precision farming, where technologies like sensors, drones, and satellite imagery are used to monitor and manage crops and soil conditions with precision. This helps optimize irrigation, fertilization, and pest control, improving yields and reducing input costs.
  2. Digital farm management systems that provide farmers with tools for planning, monitoring, and optimizing farm operations. These platforms enable farmers to access real-time information, make informed decisions, and streamline their day-to-day activities, increasing efficiency and productivity.

The combination of Agtech in the crop production schedule could cut down costs for crops – Maize (49%), Rice (43%), and Wheat (45%) due to increased productivity. By implementing innovative technologies, each farmer can save at least $16 annually, resulting in a $2 billion annual savings for the country.

Agriculture sector, though, has made strides; the challenges of limited resources, climate change coupled with an increasing population, increasing the efficiency and sustainability in the sector is critical. By harnessing the power of technology for data assimilation, analytics, and dissemination, Agtech has the potential to empower farmers, improve food safety, and contribute to a sustainable and resilient future for agriculture.

Why is Agtech essential?

Why is Agtech essential?Current Agtech Scenario in India

Over 1,000 agri-tech start-ups are based in India, being supported by venture capital funds and angel investors. Agtech companies in India have raised approximately $1.6 billion over the last four years. In 2022, venture capital firms invested more than $1.2 billion. These start-ups are focused on specific segments of the agri-food value chain to provide services to stakeholders with the objective of increasing efficiency, traceability, and profitability. Some innovative technologies in various segments of agtech include –

SegmentsDefinition Technologies
Pre-farm ServicesFirms that provide the services that the farmer requires to produce the desired output level.
  • Tracking and monitoring data on farms using big data analytics, artificial (AI) intelligence, cloud technology and Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Geotagging and Satellite imagery for monitoring the land using GPS Technology
  • Irrigation of lands using smart farming sensors
  • Farm Automation (Drones, automated machines for planting, harvesting)
Input AggregatorsAim at solving the gap in accessibility of agri input products for farmers in remote areas through e-commerce platforms.
  • Mechanization Services like financing and market services through digital portals
  • Platforms that allow farmers to convert their grains into tradable digital assets, obtain credit against those assets and receive higher prices for their produce
  • Allows farmers to choose when, how much quantity, and at what price they want to sell their produce to maximize their income
  • Applications which fulfil farmers’ requirements from planting to harvesting by providing them with free home delivery of all agricultural products. Farmers can place orders for seeds, fertiliser, agricultural machinery, pesticides, organic products, and a variety of other farm products with no minimum order amount
Post-farm ServicesThe services required by farmers after the harvest to improve output quality assessment
  • Solving post-harvest perishability challenges and extending the shelf-life of fruits and vegetables
  • Reduction of losses in handling the produce
  • Storage, packaging, distribution, shipping, and sale of the produce using technology
Output AggregatorsAims to offer supply chain solutions to eliminate the intermediaries and

provide produce to front-line business entities.

  • Sourcing fresh produce from farmers and delivering them to retailers within 12 hours
  • Connecting farmers and consumers on an equitable platform where consumers acquire fresh produce at a reasonable price
  • Traceability of the produce across the value chain using blockchain technology
  • Building a fast and sustainable supply chain that rewards farmers for growing better food and eliminating the problem of fresh produce wastage
IntegratorsIntegrators aim to offer end-to-end business solutions by augmenting services across the agri value chain-on-farm level, agri-input supply, post-harvest assistance, and overall market linkage for farmers and their target buyers.
  • Unified tech platform for the food economy, a solution encompassing functions of farm tech, processing tech, and distribution tech
  • Forecast orders and optimise routes using data analytics
  • Minimum resource usage, maximum productivity, optimized supply chain management, and profit maximisation using ERP software


By using Agtech, companies can contribute to improving the efficiency of agricultural operations and help increase the crop productivity and income of various value-chain stakeholders. Collaboration between governments, agricultural institutions, and technology providers helps drive technological innovation, ultimately benefiting farmers, food systems, and the sustainability of agriculture.

Way Forward

The Agtech sector in India is witnessing considerable growth and innovation. As the sector continues to grow, it holds the potential to not only transform India’s agriculture but also create new employment opportunities and contribute towards the growth of the country’s economy. Agtech can significantly add value in different layers along the value chain in agriculture and can also provide solutions to issues like food wastage, quality management, traceability, and post-harvest optimization by promoting sustainable practices, resource optimization and reducing the environmental footprint. By embracing AgTech and fostering a supportive ecosystem, we can unlock a future where agriculture is more productive, sustainable, resilient, and inclusive, ensuring a brighter and more prosperous future for posterity.


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